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This page contains information about:: Italian Present Tense, Plural, Italian Definite and Indefinite Articles, Numbers, Italian Alphabet, and some Italian Expressions.


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Level I

Lesson1: Italian Present Tense, Plural, Articles, Italian Numbers, Alphabet

Lesson2: Italian Irregular Verbs, Italian Reflexive Verbs

Lesson3: Italian Past Participle, Comparative, Superlative, Demonstrative Pronouns

Lesson4: Italian Past Tense, Present Perfect, Interrogative, Possessive, Pronouns

Lesson5: Italian Prepositions, Model Verbs, Italian Future Tense

Lesson6: Italian Adjectives, Negation, Past Perfect in Italian

Lesson7: Italian Gerund Imperative and Adverbs

Level II

Lesson1: Italian Past Tense, Imperfetto, Perfect, and Remote Past

Lesson2: Conditional, Italian Idioms and Proverbs

Lesson3: Subjunctive, More Italian Idioms, Proverbs, and Essential Dictionary

Lesson4: Italian Conjunctions, Italian Ci and Ne, and More Italian Vocabulary

Lesson5: Surviving in Italy, Eating, Drinking in Italy. More Italian Words To Know.

Lesson6: Getting Around Italy Transport, Italian Trains, Buses, and Traffic

Lesson7: Italian False Friends, Wrong Italian Words in English

Italian Expressions

Emergency in Italy

Hotel, Museum, Guided Tour, Shopping

Sentence Quiz

How to Learn a Language


Italian Lesson 4

Level 2 Lesson 4: Italian Conjunctions, Italian Ci and Ne, and More Italian Vocabulary

Conjunctions are little words and expressions which link together sentences and other words.

The most common conjunctions are relatively free of difficulties to remember and use:

E

And

O

Or

Ma

But

Né, neppure

Neither…nor

Sia....che

Both….and

Examples:

Piero e Marco sono fratelli (Piero and Mark are brothers)

Vuoi la bistecca o il pesce? (Do you want a steak or fish?)

Strano ma vero (Strange but true)

Non è né carne né pesce (It is neither meat nor fish)

Voglio sia il dolce che il caffè (I want both the cake and the coffee)

Other conjunctions connect two different clauses, one of which is depending on the other. In this case the use of the "congiuntivo" is needed:

Benché, sebbene, malgrado, nonostante, quantunque

Although, in spite of, even though

Purché, a patto che, a condizione che

Provided that

Nel caso che

In case

With the following conjunctions the "congiuntivo" is needed only if the subject of the first and second sentence are different:

Affinché, cosicché, in modo che

So that, in order to

Senza che

Without

Prima che

Before

 

For a detailed overview on how to form and use the "congiuntivo" see lesson 3.

Ci and Ne

These two little words are abundantly used in Italian and therefore it is well worth the effort to learn their meaning and usage. They act as pronouns, i.e. they substitute a noun so that it is not necessary to repeat it within the same sentence or immediately after it.

Sei andata al cinema? Sì ci sono andata (Have you gone to the movie? Yes I have gone to the movie): in this case "ci" takes the meaning of "al cinema".

Quanti panini hai preso? Ne ho preso uno (How many sandwiches have you taken? I have taken one sandwich): in this case "ne" takes the meaning of "panini".

Note: when using "ci" and "ne", they always come before the verb, whereas if you were to use the noun, it would come after the verb:

Sei andata al cinema? Sì ci sono andata OR Sì sono andata al cinema

Quanti panini hai preso? Ne ho preso uno OR Ho preso un panino

As a general rule, "ci" is used to replace a noun or sentence preceded by "in", "su", "con", "a", while "ne" replaces a noun or sentence preceded by "di" or "da".

Furthermore, both "ci" and "ne" are used in idioms:

C'è, ci sono

There is, there are

C'è tanta gente (There is a lot of people)

Ci vuole, ci vogliono

It is necessary

Ci vuole tanta pazienza con lei (It is necessary to be very patient with her)

Metterci

To take (as in "to take 5 minutes to get there")

Quanto ci metti ad andare al lavoro? (How long does it take you to go to work?)

Vederci

To see

Non ci vedo molto bene (I cannot see very well)

Sentirci

To hear

Io ci sento perfettamente (I can hear perfectly well)

Entrarci

To have something to do with

Ma cosa c'entra? (What has this got do to with it?)

Andarsene

To go away, to leave

Ne ho avuto abbastanza, me ne vado (I have had enough, I go away)

Ritornarsene

To return, to go back

Me ne ritorno a casa ora (I go back home now)

Starsene

To stay

Se ne stava tranquillo in spiaggia quando ha iniziato a piovere (He was quietly staying at the beach when it started raining)

ITALIAN PROVERBS AND IDIOMS

Con rispetto parlando

Excuse my French

Cose dell'altro mondo

It is out of this world

D'altro canto

On the other hand

Da morire

To die for

Davvero?

Really?

Dio ce la mandi buona!

Let's hope for the best

È una parola!

Easy to say

Faccio presente che...

Bear in mind

Fatti gli affari tuoi

Mind your business

Fra l'altro...

Among other things

È meglio un uovo oggi di una gallina domani.

A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush

Fra il dire e il fare c'è di mezzo il mare.

Easier said than done

L'abito non fa il monaco

Clothes do not make the man

Lupo non mangia lupo

Dog does not eat dog

I morti non parlano

Dead men tell no tales

AN ESSENTIAL DICTIONARY OF ITALIAN - PART 4

insistere

To insist

intanto

In the meantime

intendere

To mean

intenzione

Intention

interessante

Interesting

interessare

To be interested

interesse

Interest

internazionale

International

interno

Internal

intero

Whole, entire

intorno

Around

inutile

Useless

invece

Instead

inverno

Winter

invitare

To invite

io

I

isola

Island

istante

Instant

istituto

Institute

italiano

Italian

There

Labbro (plural: labbra)

Lip

Lago

Lake

lanciare

To throw, to launch

largo

Large, wide, broad

lasciare

To leave

latino

Latin

lato

Side

latte

Milk

lavorare

To work

lavoro

Work, job

legare

To tie

legge

Law

leggere

To read

leggero

Light (opposite of heavy)

lei

She

lettera

Letter

letto

Bed

levare

To remove,

liberare

To free

libero

Free

libertà

Freedom

libro

Book

limitare

To limit

limite

Limit

linea

Line

lingua

Language, tongue

lontano

Far

loro

They

lotta

Fight

luce

Light (as in light bulb)

lui

He

luna

Moon

lungo

Long

luogo

Place

ma

But

macchina

Car, machine

madre

Mother

maestro

Teacher

magari

Perhaps

maggio

May

malattia

Disease, illness

male

Bad, evil

mamma

Mom

mancare

To miss

mandare

To send

mangiare

To eat

maniera

Manner

mano

Hand

mantenere

To maintain, to keep

mare

Sea

marito

Husband

massa

Mass

massimo

Maximum

materia

Matter, subject

matrimonio

Marriage, wedding

mattina

Morning

medesimo

The same

medico

Doctor, physician

medio

Medium

meglio

Better

memoria

Memory

meno

Minus

mente

Mind

mentre

While, whilst, whereas

mercato

Market

meritare

To merit, to deserve

merito

Merit

mese

Month

mestiere

Profession, job

metà

Half

metro

Meter

mettere

To put

milione

Million

militare

Military

minimo

Minimum

ministro

Minister

minuto

Minute

misura

Measure

moderno

Modern

modo

Way, mode

moglie

Wife

molto

Very

momento

Moment

mondo

World

montagna

Mountain

monte

Mount

morale

Morale, mood

morire

To die

morte

Death

mostrare

To show

motivo

Motive, reason

movimento

Movement

muovere

To move

muro

Wall

musica

Music

nascere

To be born

nascondere

To hide

natura

Nature

naturale

Natural

naturalmente

Naturally

nave

Ship, boat

nazionale

National

nazione

Nation, country

necessario

Necessary

necessità

Necessity

nemico

Enemy

nero

Black

nessuno

No one

 

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