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This page contains information about:: Italian Present Tense, Plural, Italian Definite and Indefinite Articles, Numbers, Italian Alphabet, and some Italian Expressions.


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Level I

Lesson1: Italian Present Tense, Plural, Articles, Italian Numbers, Alphabet

Lesson2: Italian Irregular Verbs, Italian Reflexive Verbs

Lesson3: Italian Past Participle, Comparative, Superlative, Demonstrative Pronouns

Lesson4: Italian Past Tense, Present Perfect, Interrogative, Possessive, Pronouns

Lesson5: Italian Prepositions, Model Verbs, Italian Future Tense

Lesson6: Italian Adjectives, Negation, Past Perfect in Italian

Lesson7: Italian Gerund Imperative and Adverbs

Level II

Lesson1: Italian Past Tense, Imperfetto, Perfect, and Remote Past

Lesson2: Conditional, Italian Idioms and Proverbs

Lesson3: Subjunctive, More Italian Idioms, Proverbs, and Essential Dictionary

Lesson4: Italian Conjunctions, Italian Ci and Ne, and More Italian Vocabulary

Lesson5: Surviving in Italy, Eating, Drinking in Italy. More Italian Words To Know.

Lesson6: Getting Around Italy Transport, Italian Trains, Buses, and Traffic

Lesson7: Italian False Friends, Wrong Italian Words in English

Italian Expressions

Emergency in Italy

Hotel, Museum, Guided Tour, Shopping

Sentence Quiz

How to Learn a Language


Italian Lesson 6

Level 2 Lesson 6: Getting Around Italy Transport, Italian Trains, Buses, Planes, Car-hire and Traffic

Italy is beautiful, full of interesting places to see and towns to visit, however it is quite renowned for the chaotic traffic, apparent lack of road rules (the rules are there, although everyone has his own interpretation of them) and sheer number of people out and about.

Renting a car (noleggiare una macchina) can be a good option if you want to visit small little places out of the most treaded routes. Be sure to have a "cartina" (map) and to try to understand the route you want to follow before you actually hit the road: will you take the "autostrada" (freeway, actually a toll road, that you have to pay at the "casello" (tollgate) or "barriera") or some of the secondary roads (strada statale - state road, strada regionale - regional road, strada provinciale - provincial road, strada comunale - municipal road: from the largest and most trafficked to the smallest and least trafficked… usually)? Perhaps listen to the traffic report (bollettino del traffico) and the weather report (bollettino meteo or previsioni del tempo) so you can try to avoid code (queues of cars, sometimes many km long), ingorghi (traffic jam) and weather conditions such as neve (snow) (remember that on some road, for law, during winter you must have the snow chains (catene da neve) on your car just in case you will need them), temporali (storms), nebbia (fog, a truly scary experience where sometimes you can't even see the bonnet of your own car). Once you get to your destination find a parcheggio (parking area), checking if it is "a pagamento" (paid) or free “gratuito”. If it says "disco orario" it means you can park the car for a limited amount of time, usually one hour, and you have to set the small paperboard clock that is on the windscreen of the car to the time you actually parked it there. If in doubt, trusting what everybody else is doing is not always a good idea. They might be breaking the law and you might end up with a "multa" (fine) or be stopped by a "vigile" (or polizia stradale, traffic police). If the traffic police stop you on the road, they can ask for the registration document “libretto di circolazione”, driving license “patente”. If you have some problems with your car, you can ask “Può dirmi se c’è un’autofficina/un autolavaggio/un meccanico/un gommista qui vicino?” (Can you tell me if there is a repair garage/car wash/mechanic/tyre repairer near here?)

Some useful words and idioms about traveling by car:

Divieto di accesso

No entry

Divieto di sorpasso

No overtaking

Frana

Landslide

Galleria, accendere i fari

Tunnel, switch on head lamps

Obbligo di catene

Use of chains compulsory

Pericolo

Danger

Banchi di nebbia

Fog banks

Ghiaccio

Ice

Possibilità di code

Possible queue hazard

Rallentare

Slow

Segnaletica in rifacimento

Signs being repainted

Per favore metta 40€ di benzina verde

Please put 40€ of green leadless petrol

Per favore mi controlli l’acqua/la pressione delle gomme

Please check the water/ the tyre pressure

Si può parcheggiare qui?

Is parking allowed here?

Deve pagare una multa di… paga subito?

You will have to pay a fine of… are you going to pay now?

Questa strada è a senso unico

This is a one-way street

La mia auto è stata rimossa, dove posso recuperarla?

My car has been towed away. Where do I get it back?

Divieto di sosta

No stopping

The train (treno) is a good alternative option: the network is quite extended and you will find trains for almost every destination you might want to visit. Go to the “stazione” or “ferrovia” (railway station), ask for a "biglietto" (ticket) at the "biglietteria" (ticket office) or get it from the "macchinette" (self-service machines) where the English language is always supported. If you want a return ticket, ask for a "andata e ritorno", otherwise "solo andata" is a one-way ticket. Check which platform (binario) the train is leaving from and if there is any "ritardo" (delay; it can vary from minutes to hours...). Remember to "obliterare il biglietto" (stamp the ticket) in the yellow machines at the beginning of each platform before you climb on board, and if you can’t find one or the one you find isn’t working, when you climb on board, look for the guard “capotreno” or the “controller” or “train officer” and tell him that the machine isn’t working (la macchinetta non funziona) otherwise you will have to pay a fine. On the train itself you will have "carrozze per fumatori" or "scomparti per fumatori" (respectively coaches and areas reserved to smokers) and many more "carrozze" or "scomparti" where it is forbidden to smoke ("vietato fumare"). When the controllore (train officer) asks "biglietto prego" (ticket, please), show him the ticket. On some of the fastest trains, which stop less frequently, you have to pay a supplement (supplemento) before getting on board. In others you have to book a seat (prenotare un posto) before you can get on board. When you are almost at destination, ask somebody for your "fermata" (stops) and get ready to get down. “Per favore può dirmi quando devo scendere per Torino Porta Nuova?”, Please can you tell me when I have to get down for Torino Porta Nuova?

A che ora parte il prossimo treno per…?

What time is the next train for… due to live?

Da che binario parte il treno?

What platform does the train leave from?

Ferma a Torino Lingotto?

Does it stop at Torino Lingotto?

E’ necessario cambiare?

Do I need to change?

Quanto costa il biglietto di prima/seconda classe per…?

How much is a first/second class ticket for…?

Vorrei prenotare un posto fumatori/non fumatori sul treno per Torino del 15 luglio.

I’d like to reserve a smoker/non smoker seat on the Torino train on 15th july.

Ci sono abbonamenti settimanali/mensili?

Are there any weekly/monthly season tickets?

Per favore un biglietto di andata e ritorno per Torino Lingotto.

A single/return ticket for Torino Lingotto please.

Travelling around cities can be done by bus (autobus or corriera), tramway (tram) or subway (metropolitana). Of course in Venice you can take a vaporetto or battello (public waterbus) or a romantic gondola if you prefer...

On the bus everything works pretty much the same as in the train, you have to stamp the ticket in the yellow machine onboard the bus and remember "è proibito parlare al conducente" (it is forbidden to speak to the driver), but this applies only when the bus is moving. If the bus (or the train) is full and you need to go past some people, it is polite to say "permesso" as you walk through. But remember that if the bus is a blue one and goes outside the city, you will have to buy the ticket from the driver when you will get on the bus.

Quale autobus mi porta a…?

Which bus will take me to…?

Con che frequenza passa il 5?

How often does the bus number 5 run?

A che ora pass ail primo/l’ultimo autobus?

When do buses start/stop running?

Ci sono autobus notturni?

There are any buses that run at night?

Dove posso comprare un biglietto dell’autobus? Direttamente sull’autobus, oppure dove vede la scritta…

Where can I buy a bus ticket? On board the bus, or where there is a sign saying…

Quanto costa il biglietto per una corsa singola?

How much is a single one-way ticket?

Dov’è la fermata del numero 5?

Where is the stop for number 5?

Quest’autobus passa da via…? Quante fermate ci sono da qui a via…?

Does this bus go to… street? How many stops are there before … street?

Some useful words and idioms about travelling by plane:

Dove sono i voli internazionali/nazionali?

Where the international/domestic flights are?

Dov’è il check-in del volo Alitalia per Roma?

Where the Alitalia check-in desk is for the flight for Rome?

A che ora parte il prossimo volo per Parigi?

What time is the next flight for Paris due to live?

Vorrei prenotare/confermare uno/due posto/I a nome … sul volo Alitalia per …

I’d like to book/confirm a/two seat/s in the name of … on flight Alitalia for …

Per favore vorrei un posto fumatori/non fumatori/central/vicino al finestrino/vicino al corridoio.

I’d like a smoker’s/non smoker’s/central/window/aisle seat please.

Vorrei anticipare/posticipare la partenza.

I’d like to bring forward/delay my departure.

Quanto dura il volo?

How long does the flight take?

Posso imbarcare questa borsa/scatola come bagaglio a mano?

May I take this bag/box into the cabina s hand luggage?

Il volo … subirà un ritardo di … minuti/ore causa nebbia/maltempo/sciopero.

Owing to fog/bad weather/strike action, flight number … will be delayed … minutes/hours.

Non riesco ad allacciarmi le cinture di sicurezza.

I can’t manage to fasten my safety belt.

A che ora è previsto l’atterraggio?

When are we due to land?

Il decollo/atterraggio è previsto tra … minuti.

We’ll be taking off/landing in … minutes.

Stiamo attraversando un’area di turbolenza. E’ possibile incontrare vuoti d’aria. Allacciare le cinture di sicurezza.

We have hit some turbolence. We may run into a few air pockets. Please fasten your seats belts.

Il mio bagaglio non è arrivato: a chi mi debbo rivolgere? Ero sul volo … da …

My luggage has not arrived. Who can I speak to about it? I was on flight … from …

Most Italian towns can be enjoyed on foot and if you get lost just ask somebody "Mi sa indicare come arrivare a..." (Can you tell me how to get to...) and everybody will be happy to put you on the right track. If you need a car to visit some places nearby, you can look for a car-hire firm at the airport. Some useful words and idioms about car-hire:

Per favore può dirmi dov’è un’agenzia di autonoleggio?

Can you tell me where there is a car-hire firm, please?

Vorrei noleggiare un’auto piccola/media/grande a due/quattro/cinque posti.

I’d like toh ire a small/medium-sized/big two/four/five seater car.

Ho paura che tutte le auto siano occupate.

I’m afraid all the cars are taken.

Qual è la tariffa al giorno?

What are the daily rates?

E’ compresa l’assicurazione? No, l’assicurazione è a parte.

Is insurance included? No insurance is separate.

L’assicurazione copre tutti i rischi?

Does the insurance cover all risks?

Vorrei vedere la patente di tutte le persone che guideranno l’auto.

I’d like to see the driving licenze of all the people who will be driving the car.

E’ necessaria una carta di credito per il noleggio.

A credit card is needed toh ire a car.

Nel prezzo è compreso il pieno: se non restituisce l’auto con il pieno dovrà pagare la differenza.

A full tank is included in the rates. Failure to return the car on a full tank will entail payment of the difference.

Devo usare benzina super senza piombo o gasolio?

Am I to use leadless petrol or diesel fuel?

Dove sono i documenti dell’auto?

Where are the car papers?

Mi può spiegare come funziona …?

Can you explain how … functions?

 

ITALIAN PROVERBS AND IDIOMS

Ma va

I don't believe you. It's impossible. Don't tell me that

Manco per sogno!/Nemmeno per sogno!

In your dream

Meglio così

It is better this way

Meglio di nulla

Better this that nothing at all

Meno male!

Luckily

Modestia a parte

In all modesty

Molto meglio

Much better

Non c'è altro

That's all

Non fare il prezioso

Don't play hard to get

Non farti pregare

Don't play hard to get

Non ne posso più

I cant stand it anymore

Padronissimo

As you like! All right than!

Parole d'oro

Amen, You said it

Per carità!

God forbid

Per farla breve

To cut it short

Paesi che vai, usanze che trovi.

When in Rome, do as the Romans do

Rosso di sera, bel tempo si spera

Red sky at night, shepherd's delight

Tanto va la gatta al lardo che ci lascia lo zampino

Curiosity killed the cat

 

AN ESSENTIAL DICTIONARY OF ITALIAN - PART 6

qualsiasi

Any

quanto

How much

quarto

Fourth

quasi

Almost

questione

Issue

qui

Here

quindi

Therefore, so

raccogliere

To pick up, to collect

raccontare

To tell

ragazza

Girl

ragazzo

Boy

raggiungere

To reach

ragione

Reason

rapido

Rapid, fast

rapporto

Relationship

rappresentare

To represent

reale

Real

realtà

Reality

recare

To bring

recente

Recent

regione

Region

regno

Kingdom

relazione

Relationship

religioso

Religious

rendere

To return, to give back

repubblica

Republic

resistere

To resist

restare

To remain

resto

Rest

resto

Change (of money)

ricchezza

Wealth

ricco

Rich, wealthy

ricerca

Research

ricevere

To receive

richiedere

To request

riconoscere

To recognize

ricordare

To remember

ricordo

Memory

ridere

To laugh

ridurre

To reduce, to decrease

riempire

To fill

riferire

To refer, to inform

rifiutare

To refuse

rimanere

To remain

rimettere

To vomit

ringraziare

To thank

ripetere

To repeat

riportare

To bring back

risolvere

To solve

rispetto

Respect

rispondere

To answer

risposta

Answer

risultare

To result

risultato

Result

ritornare

To return

ritorno

Return

ritrovare

To find again

riunire

To reunite

riuscire

To accomplish

rivedere

To review

rivelare

To reveal

rivolgere

To address

rivoluzione

Revolution

roba

Stuff

romano

Roman

rompere

To break

rosso

Red

russo

Russian

sacrificio

Sacrifice

sacro

Holy

sala

Hall

salire

To go up, to climb

saltare

To jump

salutare

To greet, to say hello, to wave hello

salvare

To save

sangue

Blood

sapere

To know

sbagliare

To make a mistake

scala

Ladder or staircase

scappare

To escape, to run away

scegliere

To choose

scena

Scene

scendere

To descend, to go down

scherzare

To joke

scienza

Science

scomparire

To disappear

scopo

Purpose

scoppiare

To explode, to blow up

scoprire

To discover

scorrere

To slide

scrittore

Writer

scrivere

To write

scuola

School

scusare

To excuse

se

If

secolo

Century

secondo

Second

sedere

To sit

segnare

To mark

segno

Mark

segretario

Secretary

segreto

Secret

seguire

To follow

sembrare

To appear, to seem

semplice

Easy, simple

senso

Meaning, sense

sentimento

Feeling

sentire

To hear, to smell, to feel

senza

Without

sera

Evening

sereno

Serene, quiet, calm

serie

Series

serio

Serious

servire

To serve

servizio

Service

settimana

Week

sforzo

Effort

sguardo

Gaze, look

si

Yes

sicurezza

Safety, security

sicuro

Safe, secure

significare

To mean

signora

Mrs

signore

Mr

signorina

Miss

silenzio

Silence

simile

Similar

sinistro

Left

sistema

System

situazione

Situation

smettere

To stop, to quit

sociale

Social

società

Society

soffrire

To suffer

sognare

To dream

sogno

Dream

soldato

Soldier

sole

Sun

 

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