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This page contains information about:: Italian Conversations, Past Participle, Italian Comparative, Superlative, Italian Demonstrative Pronouns, and some Expressions.


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Level I

Lesson1: Italian Present Tense, Plural, Articles, Italian Numbers, Alphabet

Lesson2: Italian Irregular Verbs, Italian Reflexive Verbs

Lesson3: Italian Past Participle, Comparative, Superlative, Demonstrative Pronouns

Lesson4: Italian Past Tense, Present Perfect, Interrogative, Possessive, Pronouns

Lesson5: Italian Prepositions, Model Verbs, Italian Future Tense

Lesson6: Italian Adjectives, Negation, Past Perfect in Italian

Lesson7: Italian Gerund Imperative and Adverbs

Level II

Lesson1: Italian Past Tense, Imperfetto, Perfect, and Remote Past

Lesson2: Conditional, Italian Idioms and Proverbs

Lesson3: Subjunctive, More Italian Idioms, Proverbs, and Essential Dictionary

Lesson4: Italian Conjunctions, Italian Ci and Ne, and More Italian Vocabulary

Lesson5: Surviving in Italy, Eating, Drinking in Italy. More Italian Words To Know.

Lesson6: Getting Around Italy Transport, Italian Trains, Buses, and Traffic

Lesson7: Italian False Friends, Wrong Italian Words in English

Italian Expressions

Emergency in Italy

Hotel, Museum, Guided Tour, Shopping

Sentence Quiz

How to Learn a Language


Italian Lesson 3

 

Italian Conversations

Robert-- Ciao Giovanni!

Giovanni-- Ciao Robert!

Robert-- Come stai?

Giovanni-- Bene, grazie, e tu?

Robert-- Così così.

Giovanni-- Che c’è di nuovo?

Robert-- Non molto, ho bisogno di fare pratica con il mio italiano, potresti aiutarmi?

Giovanni-- Certo!

 

Some clues: Che: what/ nuovo: new/ bisogno: I need/ potresti: can you.

 

 

Italian Past participle:

 

 

Italian Past Participle

Parlare: parlato (spoken)

Credere: creduto (believed)

Partire: partito (gone)

 

Sono Partito (I’m gone, masculine)

lei è partita (she is gone)

Siamo partiti (we’re gone, for men)

Sono stata a Roma (I’ve been to Rome, a female talking)

Siamo stati...(we have been..,for men)

 Siamo state…(we have been…for women)

-Ho avuto il tempo per farlo (I’ve had the time to do it)

Ho parlato al telefono…(I’ve talked at the phone…)

Ha parlato (and not ha parlata) (she have spoken/ she spoke)

Abbiamo parlato (and not parlati)

Ho detto (I’ve said)

Ha detto (he/she has said)

Regular Form: Simply add (~ato, ~uto, ~ito) to the stem of verbs, depending on the type of verbs, if the verb in the infinitive ends with ~are, then  add ~ato: parlato (the verb parlare), add ~uto to the verbs ending with ~ere: creduto (the verb credere), and finally add ~ito to the verbs ending in their infinitive with ~ire: partito (the verb partire)

Note that some verbs take their past participle with the verb “avere”, while some other verbs take their past participle with the verb essere (usually motion verbs)

Also note that the past participle of verbs going with “essere” should agree with the number and gender, so for example partito (gone) can also be partita/ partiti/ partite.

Verbs going with “avere” don’t have to agree with the number and gender, look in the examples in the side.

Remember: to form the past participle with verbs conjugated with “essere” the gender and number matter, but not with verbs conjugated with “avere”.

Past participle reflexive verbs go always with “essere”, mi sono lavato (I’ve washed myself), ci siamo lavati (we’ve washed ourselves).

 

Irregular Form: memorize the verbs that take irregular forms in the past participle such as:

Verb/Past part/English

Fare: fatto (done)

Aprire: aperto (opened)

Chiedere: chiesto (asked)

Chiudere: chiuso (closed)

Coprire: coperto (covered)

Dare: dato (given)

Dire: detto (said)

Leggere: letto (read)

Mettere: messo (put)

Offrire: offerto (offered)

Perdere: perso (lost)

Prendere:  preso (taken)

Scrivere: scritto (written)

Spendere: speso (spent)

Vedere: visto (seen)

Vivere:vissuto (lived)

Rompere: rotto (broken)

 

 

Comparison in Italian

 

Equality: as …as…à [tanto...quanto... (or) così… come … (used only with adjectives)]

John is as tall as his father: Giovanni è tanto alto quanto suo padre/ Or/ Giovanni è così alto come suo padre.

Tanto … quanto… (used only with nouns, note that they have to agree in number and gender with the noun)

Ho tante penne quanti libri (I have as many pens as books)

 

Superiority: more… than... à più…di (or) più...che

Romano è più alto di Giovanni. (Roman is taller than John) (più…di… is used to compare two people or two things)

Compro più libri che cibo (I buy more books than food) (più…che... is used to compare two characteristics of one person or thing)

 

 

Inferiority: less… than... à meno…di (or) meno...che

Romano è meno alto di Giovanni. (Roman is less taller than John) (meno…di… is used to compare two people or two things)

Compro meno libri che cibo (I buy less books than food) (meno…che... is used to compare two characteristics of one person or thing)

 

Superlative: (the most..., the …~est = il/ la/ li/le … più +adjective ... di....or ~issimo, ~issima, ~issimi, ~issime)

In Italian, superlatives are formed by adding the suffix ~issimo to an adjective or adverb after taking off the final vowel, the suffix added should agree in number and gender. So it can be (~issimo, ~issima, issimi, ~issime) also you can form a superlative by adding: (il/ la/ li/le … più +adjective ... di…)

Questa è la casa più grande di Roma (This is the biggest house in Rome).

il Diamante è il più duro delle pietre preziose (Diamond is the toughest amongst precious stones).

Gli elefanti sono i più grandi animali del mondo (Elephants are the biggest animals in the world)

Rosa è la bambina meno attiva dalla scuola (Rosa is the child less active in school)

Le case americane sono enormi, le più grandi (American houses are huge, the biggest)

In spoken Italian the "~issimo" is less used while placing "molto, tanto, parecchio, assai" before the adjectives instead.

Lo snowboard è uno sport molto facile da imparare, molto più facile dello sci (Snowboard is a sport very easy to learn much easier than Skiing)

Questa studentessa è molto intelligente. (this student is very intelligent)

Also you can express superlative by repeating the adjective or adverb.

Lui parla veloce veloce. (he speaks very fast).

 

These are irregular forms of the superlative (adjectives and adverbs)

 

Italian Comparative and Superlative

Adjective

Comparative

Relative Superlative

Absolute Superlative

grande (big)

maggiore (big)

(il) massimo (biggest)

massimo (biggest)

piccolo (small)

minore (smaller)

(il) minimo (smallest)

minimo (smallest)

alto (high)

superiore (higher)

(il) supremo/sommo (highest)

supremo/sommo (highest)

basso (low)

inferiore (lower)

(il) infimo (lowest)

infimo (lowest)

buono (good)

migliore (better)

(il) ottimo (best)

ottimo (best)

cattivo (bad)

peggiore (worse)

(il) pessimo (worst)

pessimo (worst)

 

Adverb

Comparative

Relative Superlative

Absolute Superlative

Molto (much)

Più (more)

(il) più (the) most

Moltissimo (very much)

Poco (little)

Meno (less)

(il) meno (the) least

Pochissimo (very little)

Bene (well)

Meglio (better)

(il) meglio (the) best

Benissimo (very well)

Male (badly)

Peggio (worse)

(il) peggio (the) worst

Pessimo (very badly)

 

 

Italian Demonstrative Pronouns

 

Demonstratives are: (this: questo, these: questi, that: quel/quello, those: quei/quelli)

 

Italian Demonstrative Pronouns

 

 

This

These

That

Those

Masculine

before a consonant

before a vowel

questo

quest'

questi

questi

quel

quell'

quei

quegli

Feminine

before a consonant

before a vowel

questa

quest'

queste

queste

quella

quell'

quelle

quelle

 

before z, gn, or s + consonant (quello: that, quegli: those) only for masculine. Quegli studenti (those students)

 

Questo bambino è molto intelligente. (this child is very intelligent)

Questa studentessa è molto intelligente. (this female student is very intelligent)

Questa è la mia penna (this is my pen)

Questi libri sono molto costosi (these books are very expensive)

Quella casa è molto grande. (that house is very big)

Quelle case sono molti grande (those house are very big)

Quel cane è davvero bravo (that dog is really good)

 

 

Note that in Italian demonstrative pronouns if you use that and those as a subject, use these four forms: quello for masculine singular, quella for feminine singular, quelli for masculine plural, and quelle for feminine plural. Example: quello è il mio libro (that is my book).

 

Writing training: write the same conversation which was between Robert and Giovanni, but this time you and an imaginary person, try to look up info that you don’t know their translation in Italian, apply some of the grammar you learned, and see how it goes J

Speaking training: try to read the conversation you just wrote out loud, train yourself well, you might need that for a real conversation in the future.

 

 

This is a list of some expressions in Italian:

 

Italian Expressions

I Don't Understand!

Non capisco!

I Feel Sick.

Mi sento male.

I forgot.

Ho dimenticato.

I Have No Idea.

Non ne ho idea!

I Have To Go

Devo andare

I hope so./Let's hope so.

Spero di si./Speriamo.

I Like Italian

Mi piace l'italiano.

I like you very much.

Mi piaci davvero tanto.

I live in (the U.S/ Italia)

Vivo (negli Stati Uniti / in Italia)

I live in that house there

Abito in quella casa là

I Love You!

Ti amo!/ Ti voglio bene!

I Missed You So Much!

Mi sei mancato così tanto!

I Need A Doctor

Ho bisogno di un dottore

I need to practice my Italian

Ho bisogno di fare pratica con il mio italiano

I often come to Italy

Vengo spesso in Italia

I Really Like It!

Mi piace davvero!

I Will Be Right Back!

Torno subito!

I wish I had a car.

Se solo avessi una macchina!

I Work As A (Translator/ Businessman)

Lavoro come (traduttore/ uomo d'affari)

I’m (American)

Sono (americano).

I'd  love to come.

Mi farebbe molto piacere venire.

I'd Like To Visit Italia One Day

Mi piacerebbe visitare l'Italia un giorno di questi!

I'll be glad to (do it)

Con piacere.

I'll call back later.

Richiamo più tardi.

I'll let you talk to...

Le passo... / La faccio parlare con…

I'm (twenty, thirty…) Years Old.

Ho (venti, trenta …) anni.

I'm bored.

Mi annoio.

I'm cold.

Ho freddo.

I'm coming!

Vengo! / Sto arrivando!

I'm Fine, Thanks!

Bene, grazie!

I'm From (the U.S/ Italia)

Sono (statunitense, italiano).

I'm hot.

Ho caldo.

I'm Hungry/ Thirsty.

Sono Affamato/ Assetato.

I'm in a hurry.

Ho fretta.

I'm Looking For John.

Sto cercando John.

I'm Lost

Mi sono perso/ persa (feminine)

I'm sleepy. I'm going to bed

Ho sonno. Vado a letto.

I'm sorry I'm late.

Mi dispiace di essere in ritardo.

I'm Sorry! (if you don't hear something)

Sono spiacente!

In The Morning/ Evening/ At Night.

Di mattina/  Di sera/ Di notte. (also Stamattina/ Stasera = this ~)

Is  he/she at home?

E a casa?

Is John there?

C'è Giovanni?

Is that all right?

D'accordo?

Is there anyone here who speaks English?

C'è qualcuno qui che parla inglese?

Is this place taken?

E occupato questo posto?

Is this right?

E’ giusto?

Isn’t it?

Vero? / Non è così?

It looks good.

Sembra buono.

Italia Is a Wonderful Country

L'Italia è un paese meraviglioso.

It's 10 o'clock. 07:30pm.

Sono le dieci precise. Le sette e trenta

 

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